What is prosthodontics?

Prosthodontics is the field of ​​dental medicine that aims to replace lost teeth through dental prostheses.
The use of prostheses thus allows the masticatory (chewing) and aesthetic functions to be restored, giving patients their health and self-esteem back.

What types of dental prostheses are there?

Having dental prostheses is increasingly common. When examining your case in detail, our medical team will advise on the best solution if you need dental prostheses.

Complete Fixed Dental Prosthesis

Complete fixed prosthesis, also known as full-arch prosthesis, replaces all teeth by surgically placing four or more implants to hold and fix the prosthesis in place. Usually the first prosthesis, which is made entirely of acrylic, is a temporary, mid-term prosthesis with the function of restoring aesthetic and chewing functions during the healing period. Subsequently, a new long-lasting prosthesis is created and placed.

Partial Fixed Dental Prosthesis

When there is partial loss of one or more teeth, where there are still dental remnants, single or partial implant prostheses may be used, effectively replacing each missing tooth and restoring the patient's masticatory functions. Fixed partial dentures, known as bridges, are used in dentistry to replace missing teeth and create a bridge connecting adjacent (neighbouring) teeth to the space left by the missing tooth.

Prosthesis over Natural Teeth

In addition to Dental Implants, prostheses over natural teeth, also called “crowns” or “caps”, are another option for those who need to resort to this type of solution. The “crown” is used to cover and protect a weaker tooth. Essentially, the "crown" is used to fill the missing one or more teeth by attaching two "crowns" to the adjacent natural teeth.
The goal is to provide the patient with greater comfort and to solve the problem of a “flaw” caused by tooth decay.

How is the prosthesis fixed?

The fixation methods are chosen by the dentist through the patient diagnosis, to provide each case with the best prosthetic solution.

Removable Dentures

Dentures are still used in cases of partial loss of one or more teeth where dental remnants still exist. Since the denture is not attached to the bone, it has some mobility, and there is a possibility of loosening, which may affect the patient's self-esteem.

Cemented Prosthesis

In these cases the fixation is practically permanent, providing greater security for the patient. The prosthesis can only be removed by the dentist in specific cases and not for simple periodic maintenance.

Advantages of Fixed Dental Prosthetics

The solution to tooth loss

Fixed prostheses are attached to the gum and can only be removed by the dentist, thus constituting the best solution to replace missing teeth.

Adapts to your face

Unlike removable prostheses, which must be taken out for cleaning and are movable, fixed implant prostheses are adjusted to your mouth to sit in harmony with the rest of the face.

A more natural look

Made of pure titanium, the feel and fit of dental implants are very similar to those of natural teeth, making it difficult at a glance to tell whether or not you have implants.

How best to take care of your dental prostheses?

Both removable and fixed prostheses require regular care and maintenance. In the case of implant prostheses, as with natural teeth, proper oral hygiene should not be neglected and regular dental visits should be kept up.


In cases of rehabilitation through complete fixed prosthesis, the patient is advised to use a dental irrigator at home for cleaning.

The irrigator consists of a small device that emits a jet of water and must be used before brushing along the entire length of the prosthesis.

However, there are always areas where small amounts of food can hide away and, if the patient is less dexterous when using the jet, prosthesis should also be brushed.

Book your free oral assessment consultation now!

© Swiss Dental Services. Todos os direitos reservados.
SDS - Portugal Sociedade Suíça de Serviços Odontológicos, Lda. Rua Santos Pousada, 441 – Sala 106, 4000-486 Porto
Registo na ERS nº 22814. Registo de estabelecimento prestador de saúde nº E135067. Licença de funcionamento nº 13744/2017.